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What are the main causes of Diabetes, Symptoms, Casuses, Treatment, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes

 What is Diabetes?


  Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease affect how your body uses glucose, or metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of glucose (or blood sugar), which leads over time to serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.

  the foremost common is type 2 diabetes, usually in adults, which occurs when the body becomes immune to insulin or doesn't make enough insulin. within the past (3) three years, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has risen dramatically in countries of all income levels.

  Types of Diabetes

   Type 1 diabetes, once referred to as autoimmune diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition during which the pancreas produces little or no insulin by itself.

         Symptoms of Diabetes

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Bedwetting in children/adults mostly in the morning who previously didn't wet bed.
  • Extreme hunger
  • weight loss
  • Irritability and other mood changes
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Blurred vision
  • vaginal yeast infection

   For people living with blood sugar, access to affordable treatment, including insulin, is critical to their survival. there's a globally agreed target to halt the increase in diabetes and obesity by 2025.

   Generally, of about 422 millions people around the world have diabetes, the bulk living in low-and middle-income countries, and 1.6 millions deaths are directly attributed to diabetes annually.

   Both the numbers of people living with diabetes and the prevalence of diabetes are steadily increasing over the past few years. Diabetes of all kinds can cause complications in many parts of the body and may increase the general risk of dying prematurely.

   Possible complications include renal failure, leg amputation, vision loss and nerve damage. Adults with blood sugar even have two (2)- to three (3)-fold incremented risk of heart attacks and strokes.

   In pregnancy, poorly controlled diabetes increases the danger of fetal death and other complications. These symptoms are seen in many cases round the world.

   Nearly 3% of worldwide blindness are often attributed to diabetic retinopathy, which occurs as a results of long-term accumulated damage to the blood vessels within the retina.

   Diabetes is additionally among the leading causes of renal failure. Reduced blood flow and nerve damage within the feet caused by diabetes can cause foot ulcers, and therefore the associated infections and complications can cause the necessity for limb amputation, also as severe and life-long health problems.

   Type 1 diabetes can't presently be prevented. But medications are available to stop type 2 diabetes and to stop the complications and premature death that may result from all kinds of diabetes.

   These include policies and practices across whole populations and within specific settings (school, home, workplace) that contribute to healthiness for everybodyno matter whether or not they have diabetes, like exercising regularly, eating healthily, avoiding smoking, and controlling vital sign and lipids.

   The start line for living well with diabetes is an early diagnosis – the longer an individual lives with undiagnosed and untreated diabetes, the more serious their health outcomes are likely to be.

   Temporary to basic diagnostics, like blood sugar (glucose) testing, should therefore be available in primary health care settings such as Glucometer machine. Patients suffering from blood sugar, will need periodic specialist assessment or treatment for complications. Mostly, such people may be recommend to a particular medications.

Read more about Type 1 Diabetes (juvenile diabetes)

   A series of cost-effective interventions can improve patient outcomes, no matter what variety of diabetes they might have.

   These interventions include blood sugar control, through a mixture of diet, physical activity and, if necessary, medication; control of vital sign and lipids to scale back cardiovascular risk and other regular screening for damage to the eyes, kidney failure and feet, to facilitate early treatment.

   Note; juvenile diabetes can develop at any age, it typically appears during childhood or adolescence. That's why is more dangerous compare to type 2 diabetes. Meanwhile, type 2 diabetes can develop only during adolescent stage normally between 40-50 years above. 

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